His comments came on the final day of a state visit to Vietnam, that was largely aimed at drumming up business deals with one of Asia's fastest-growing economies as both sides signed contracts worth a total of nearly US$12 billion.

But the French premier would not be drawn on the Communist government's handling of dissent, which includes jailing people for posting their opinions about hot-button issues on Facebook.

More than 50 activists, rights campaigners and bloggers have been put behind bars in 2018, one of the harshest crackdowns in recent years.

When questioned by reporters in Ho Chi Minh City, Philippe insisted, "we do not sweep anything under the rug, but we have discussions with the Vietnamese authorities that do not go through the press".

"We do it in forums that are going well, the way we have always done," Philippe said after inaugurating a French medical centre in the city.

The French premier's visit coincides with the recent release of a draft cybersecurity decree, which outlines how the draconian bill would be implemented.

It is expected to come into effect in January, and observers say that it mimics China's repressive web control tools.

It would require tech companies to store data in the country, remove "toxic content" from websites, and hand over user information if requested by the government.

Critics of the bill say it will serve as a chokehold on dissent in the one-party state, where activists are routinely jailed and all independent media are banned.

Philippe will host a business forum with French tech entrepreneurs before departing in the evening for New Caledonia.

The jam-packed three-day visit also included a stop at Dien Bien Phu on Saturday, the site of an epic battle between France and Vietnam in 1954 that would spell the end of France's colonial empire in Indochina.

Agence France Presse - November 4, 2018